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The Coastal Impact Assistance Program (CIAP) was authorized by Section 384 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. The Secretary of the Department of the Interior (DOI) was authorized to administer and distribute roughly $960 million appropriated to offshore oil and gas producing States and Coastal Political Subdivisions (CPS), which are affected coastal county, parish and borough governments. The annual funds were allocated by the formula prescribed by Congress to Alabama, Alaska, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas and 67 eligible CPSs.

Specifically, CIAP goals are to conserve, restore, enhance, and protect the diversity, quality, quantity, functions, and values of the state’s coastal natural resources including, but not limited to, mitigating the impacts of Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) oil and gas activities. Objectives of the CIAP program are to:

This successful program concluded in December 2016. These Federal grant funds have been administered by DOI through the US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) with a mission to conserve, restore, enhance, and protect renewable natural resources. The CIAP states, working with FWS, have successfully executed an exemplary program of research, demonstration, and public works through judicious utilization of federal funding, public-private partnerships, and locally available resources.